What is the difference between joint and sole custody?
Custody is a legal term and refers to whom, whether parent(s)
guardian, state, or otherwise, has the legal ability to make decisions on
behalf of the child(ren). Custody is not exactly the same as where the kids
live. The details of where the kids will spend their time, which schools they
will attend, which churches if any they will attend, extracurricular activities
etc. are governed by the parenting plan. Generally speaking, custody can be
divided into two broad categories: joint custody and sole custody.
do Child Custody and Child Support Laws Come From?
ask all the time, where do child custody and child support laws come from? Are
the laws in each state completely different? Are these laws even
constitutional? Let’s find out.
law in the United States comes from several sources. Primarily, family law is a
state affair and much of the laws governing child custody and child support are
state statutory law. These laws are found in each states’ codified statutes
and/or codes. In New Mexico, we have Chapter 40 of the New Mexico Statutes
to Do If the Other Parent Isn’t Paying Their Child Support Obligation
First, Get It
all fifty states, child support obligations are created by court orders. You
probably got your child support order as part of a divorce or previous child
custody/child support case. Even if you didn’t go to court in person—which can
happen in cases where the parties reached an out of court stipulated agreement,
there should still be something in writing. That’s your starting point. Even if
you’d rather resolve the issue out of court, a court order gives you something
to legally enforce.
Most people would agree that parents
should be financially responsible for their children at least to the best of
their abilities. Child support amounts can be modified if situations warrant. In
most jurisdictions and New Mexico is no exception, child support can be
modified whenever there is a change in circumstances. The parent alleging the
change in circumstances has the burden of proving that there has been a
"significant change in circumstances."
In New Mexico, anytime there is a
significant change in custody, you should have an attached child support
Guarantee that You Won’t be the Custodial Parent
Before you read any further, I realize what I’m about to
present is plain common sense. I’m not trying to insult your intelligence but
you would be utterly surprised at the number of times intelligent people do
rather dumb things when it comes to their personal lives and especially when a
court hearing is on the calendar. So I am going to take a different approach
because some folks benefit more from hearing what they shouldn’t do rather than
what they should do.
Gets to Claim the Kids for Taxes?
The issue comes up often. Who
gets to claim the kids for tax purposes? It’s an important question because the
answer equals big money. There are many tax benefits with respect to claiming a
qualified child as a dependent. For the calendar year of 2015, claiming one’s
child as a dependent reduces one’s taxable income by approximately $4,000.
Another possible tax benefit is the Child Tax Credit, which is worth up to
$1,000 for each child under the age of 17; bear in mind there aree certain eligibility
requirements that are based on the parent’s adjusted gross income.
“Secrets” to Getting the Custody Arrangement You Want
As a child
custody attorney in New Mexico, I’ve heard it all. “Dad is always at least 20
minutes late picking up the kids.” Or “My ex won’t let me have any say in what
happens to our girls.” Or, “I want 50-50 custody because it’s not fair that she
should have the kids all the time.”
If a lawyer
tells you that they can solve these problems instantly, run. The truth is, if
you want 50-50 custody, or if you have a difficult ex who refuses to cooperate,
there are powerful steps you can take to break past the impasse.
New Mexico recognizes marriage between same-sex people. Our New Mexico Supreme Court "legalized" same-sex marriage in December of 2013.SeeGriego v. Oliver.
The Court said in an unanimous decision that it is unconstitutional to deny marriage licenses to gay and lesbian couples.
"We hold that the State of New Mexico is constitutionally required to allow same-gender couples to marry and must extend to them the rights, protections, and responsibilities that derive from civil marriage under New Mexico law," Justice Edward L.
There are three conditions where grandparents can petition the Children's Court for custody of their grandkids. The New Mexico Grandparents Visitation Privileges Act provides the following scenarios:
We discussed one of those scenarios in our November 28, 2014 installment. That article focused on the Kinship-Guardianship process whereby grandparents can petition for custody and guardianship for their grandchildren in cases where the biological parents have left the children with grandma and grandpa for an extended period of time and with no real end in sight.
What do you do when the "baby's momma" doesn't want to let you have visitation? I get this question a lot from guys who are dads but aren't married to the mother of their child(ren). In fact, I was just in Court dealing with this common situation just yesterday.
Oftentimes couples believe they can work things out without formalizing anything. I will ask a client if they have an actual parenting plan drawn up with the other parent. Most times they do not. People simply assume they have inherit parenting rights.